Durante one place, there was a huge fault line caused by an ancient earthquake
Tubb believes the early Bronze Age is the only time that towns matching the description of Sodom and Gomorrah could have existed.
By measuring how far an individual layer slipped, Marco could measure the size of the earthquake. The slippage was one metre and 75cm – meaning an earthquake measuring at least verso six, on the Richter scale.
An earthquake that big would have destroyed Bronze Age buildings – but it would have left ruins, not the utter destruction described by the Bible. For Harris’s intenzione esatto be plausible, the earthquake would have had onesto trigger a landslide. This is possible when there is loosely packed ground that contains lots of vaso. Shaken up by an earthquake, the ciotola can rush onesto the surface, and the ground can turn preciso tazza – verso phenomenon called liquefaction. On a slope, this can become verso landslide.
Professor Frostick believed the ground around the Dead Sea was courtaud of liquefying. However, the towns had sicuro be built on ground that contained lots of tazza, so they must have been right on the water’s edge.
For Harris’s theory sicuro stand up, he needed onesto explain why towns like Sodom might have been built at the water’s edge. He believes the answer is that some towns might have needed preciso be built as close as possible puro a source of asphalt, a naturally occurring substance that was invaluable mediante ancient times. The Egyptians used asphalt puro embalm their dead: their word moumiah, ‘mummy’ esatto us, means asphalt.
According onesto organic chemist Arie Niessenbaum, seppure blocks of asphalt can be formed on the Dead Sea floor, and these can then float esatto the surface. This Dead Sea floating asphalt has been chemically fingerprinted and matched puro asphalt contained con early Bronze Age artefacts found durante Egypt. That means there was an early Bronze Age trade per asphalt from the Dead Sea esatto Egypt – and settlements may have existed where people collected it.
Liquefaction and destruction
After establishing that Sodom and Gomorrah may have been Bronze Age towns, that there was a reason why they might have been built on the edge of the Dead Sea, and that a strong ancient earthquake may have liquefied the ground, one important question remained. Would an earthquake of magnitude six have produced liquefaction that was powerful enough esatto carry away whole towns? Only the Cambridge Centrifuge experiment could provide the answer.
Dr Gopal Madabhushi and his team built structures and ground that exactly replicated conditions in the Dead Sea mediante the early Bronze Age. They then put this model con the centrifuge preciso spin it, creating 50 times the force of gravity on the model. This made the model act con exactly the same way as if it were full size. The Cambridge team then ‘fired’ an earthquake of strength six. The results showed datingranking.net/it/compatible-partners-review precisely what full-size buildings would have done after an earthquake of this magnitude.
The results picked up by sensors sopra the model were remarkable. The experiment pointed preciso verso scene of utter calamity – the ground would have turned to quicksand, with the houses sliding as far as they could until they reached the bottom of the Dead Sea.
The Cambridge experiment vindicated Harris, showing his ambiente could have happened: Sodom and Gomorrah could have been towns built on the edge of the Dead Sea, and could have been destroyed by earthquake and landslide.
When he saw the results, Harris was thrilled: ‘I’m absolutely delighted – con fact I’m ecstatic.’ He now hopes geologists and archaeologists will be inspired esatto embark on an underwater search for the ruins of Sodom and Gomorrah.