Instead of going into bankruptcy, everyone, including the States, was provided with the opportunity to use the new Federal Reserve Notes, called (incorrectly) “lawful money” grounded in perpetual debt of the “eligible paper” which formed the assets of the Federal Reserve and the National Banks, These are also known as “units of monetized debt”. paid back or started reduced for anything since that infamous day of June 5, 1933 when Roosevelt willfully and knowingly stole Our gold and gave it to a bunch of foreign bankers. (Lawfully, debts can only be paid with money – money as defined by the Law of the Land – The Constitution – being gold and silver coin. Anything else is not lawful money and cannot therefore lawfully “pay a debt”.) Thus, overnight, We The People became liable for specific performance on the basis of a debt action of assumpsit under the private Law Provider, operating outside of the Constitution and imposing an Equitable jurisdiction. A jurisdiction in which no one has any rights, where one can be compelled summarily to deliver his property without trial by Common Law jury. And the debts to the private bankers keep mounting ever higher.
Admiralty and coastal jurisdiction constitutes two types of circumstances: (1) those people involving acts committed on higher oceans or other navigable seas, and (2) the individuals
An effective freeborn, Sovereign American individual can not be forced on perpetual debtorship and unconscious servitude, which is, feudalistic overall performance with respect to, and for the advantage of, any person, genuine or juristic, against his Thirteenth Post away from Amendments with the Constitution of your United states of america. Neither can also be The guy end up being compelled, for legal reasons, to accept, or even render told accept accept, an equitable legislation overseas to their Costs out-of Legal rights.
During the beginning of regulators within the Constitution , Congress conferred on the federal region courts private cognizance “of all of the civil reasons for admiralty and you can maritime jurisdiction, . . . . . . ; preserving to suitors, in most times, ideal from a familiar Law solution, where in fact the Common-law try capable to have;. . .” (1 STAT 77, Area nine (1789))
This basically minder quizzes means, the following brand of case must have an immediate connection with coastal trade
As this legislation was stored to-be exclusive, the power of statutes on the same topic need necessarily getting in the federal legislature and never regarding condition legislatures.
Congress enacted the Limited Liability Act on March 3, 1851. It is codified at Title 46, United States Code, Sections 181-189, as amended in 1875, 1877, 1935, 1936 and the Act of 1884. It intended to cover the entire subject of limitations, and to invest the U. S. District Courts with exclusive original cognizance of all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, exclusive of the States. This means that the States do not have any jurisdiction in admiralty and maritime matters, whatsoever.
Suits in admiralty traditionally took the form of a proceeding into the rem against the vessel, and, with exceptions to be noted, such proceedings in rem are confined exclusively to federal admiralty courts, because the grant of exclusive jurisdiction to the federal courts by the Judiciary Act of 1789 has been interpreted as referring to the traditional admiralty action, the during the rem action, which was not familiar into Common law.
State courts are forbidden by the Constitution to have Admiralty jurisdiction. While State courts are permitted to deal with and check out Admiralty cases if the suitor desires, it should be an Admiralty matter before everything else and it must involve property, otherwise there would not be a Common Law remedy. In other words, the Common Law courts would not be competent to handle it. More than this, it would need to be tried in a Common Law court, following Common Law procedures (not Equity procedures) with a Trial by a Common Law jury.